Knowing how to care for and maintain your flower garden can make a big difference in the appearance and over-all health of your plants. To help you here are some simple hints to make your garden bloom with health and vigor.
For A Healthy Flower Garden The Essential Requirements Must Be Met
- Water- It is most important that the plants receive enough water to encourage optimum growth. During dry spells or hot weather you will need to water more frequently. When watering be sure to let the water soak in to the root zone.
- Sunlight- The proper amount of sunlight will make for strong healthy plants that can reach their full potential. Too little sunlight will make for leggy stressed plants that are susceptible to disease and insect damage. While to much sunlight can burn the leaves and dry out the roots.
- Fertile Soil- A good soil rich in organic matter that drains well but still holds moisture is most important to produce a healthy root system. The root system is the foundation of the plant and determines whether a plant will thrive or die.
When planting bulbs, shrubs, and perennials make sure they go in at the correct depth. Bulbs should be planted about twice as deep as their width so the top of the bulb as at that depth. When planting shrubs and perennials, be sure that they are planted so the soil is level with the soil they had while in the pot. Do not heap soil or mulch up around the plant stem. If you do, water will drain off instead of sinking in, and the stem could develop rot.
Design Tip Mix And Match Annuals With Perennials
For a very colorful garden all summer long the use of annuals is mandatory. Annuals will give you more bang for the buck if you are looking for copious amounts of color. Be sure to leave planting pockets for the annuals while laying out the flower bed. At the end of the season though they fade out and must be consigned to the compost pile.
Perennials will provide wonderful blooms for part of the season but once they bloom the flowers will be gone till next year. The good news is that they do not need to be replanted every year, and there is such a variety that you can plant so you have perennial flower blooms from Early Spring to Late Fall.
When laying out the garden design I would start with flowering bulbs. Spring flowering bulbs can be mixed with bulbs that bloom in the summer and in the fall to give you burst of color throughout the year. As the spring foliage is dying back the summer bulb foliage is starting to grow and hide the browning leaves of the spring bulbs. Planting these bulbs in groups of say 18 to 25 bulbs of each type spread through the bed will give you a nice display.
Perennials should be laid out in much the same way with groups of 5 to 7 plants of spring, summer, and fall blooming in each grouping. It is important to remember size and height so that you are not planting low growers behind taller varieties. Be sure to leave enough spacing because your perennials will be twice as large in the second season.
For even more interest plant some flowering shrubs as a backdrop. Rose of Sharon and Hydrangeas will bloom from Late Spring to Early Fall and provide a nice background for your flower bed.
Maintenance The Key To Looking Good
Deadheading is simply snipping off the flower head after it wilts. This will make the plant produce more flowers. Another important thing with annuals apply a liquid fertilizer each month to keep the flowers coming on strong.
With Flowering Shrubs always wait until they are done blooming then prune them back. If you prune them before they bloom you will be cutting off all the flower buds that are forming and will have little or no flowers.
About Bugs, Creepy Crawlies, Insects most insects are actually not only beneficial but actually needed in the garden. Bees, butterflies, and beetles are pollinators. By spreading pollen these insects actually fertilize the plants to produce seeds. About 80% of flowering plants rely on these pollinators for their survival.
Some insects and organisms provide needed nutrients. Sow bugs, dung beetles, fungi, bacteria, and other microorganisms break down and help decompose dead plant materials in the soil.
Dragonflies and lacewings are predators of aphids and other insects that harm plants. That is why it is important to use pesticides very sparingly if at all because they kill both the bad insects as well as the good.
Final thought is that if you follow this guide you to will be able to have a beautiful flower garden the will not only give you pride but great enjoyment as well.